ULiège et ULB
" Belgium, like a large part of the world, is affected by the pandemic of the infectious disease called Covid-19, which is due to the spread of a coronavirus. In this extraordinary context, strong measures have been taken by the different authorities that make up the Belgian federal structure. This "Courrier hebdomadaire" intends to provide some initial legal observations on the way the Belgian State, with its institutional specificities, has begun to react to this extraordinary situation. It covers the period from 12 March to 30 March, during which Belgium gradually saw the establishment of an unprecedented peacetime emergency regime. The contribution is based on four observations. Firstly, the Belgian State has taken strong measures that meet its legal obligation to react to a risk to life of the Belgian citizens. Secondly, providing a centralised response to the health crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic is, in Belgium, complicated because of the existing division of competences between the different levels of government. Thirdly, the response to the Covid-19 crisis has led to considerable changes in the relationship between the legislative assemblies and the executive powers. In particular, this crisis has had the effect of putting an end to the system of the transitory government at the federal level. At almost all levels of power, it has also led to the allocation of special powers by parliaments to their governments. Finally, the Covid-19 health crisis led the Belgian public authorities to limit the rights and freedoms of citizens considerably. "
Publication References: F. Bouhon, X. Miny, A. Jousten, E. Slautsky, "L'État belge face à la pandémie de covid-19: esquisse d'un régime d'exception", Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP, 2020, n° 2446.
Frédéric Bouhon, Professor - Andy Jousten, PhD candidate - Xavier Miny, PhD candidate - Emmanuel Slautsky, Professor
ULiège et ULB